Chloroquine treatment cells

Chloroquine And Dna Supercoiling

Representation of over-wound DNA ahead of and under-wound DNA behind the transcribing RNA polymerase complex. Chloroquine gels can be used to differentiate positively and negatively supercoiled DNA. Litwin, Tamara R. The possibility that these environmen-tally induced changes in DNA supercoiling play a more. C. An agarose gel run. 3 A and B, lanes 4 and 5). How this occurs throughout the genome is poorly understood. We measured DNA supercoiling following the selective inhibition of topoisomerase IV with norfloxacin (Nor). Subsequent removal of chloroquine has the opposite effect and elicits a rapid relaxation. Determining whether a plasmid contains positively or negatively supercoiled DNA is possible, thanks to an agarose gel containing an intercalating agent known to positively supercoil DNA, such as chloroquine ATP-Dependent Positive Supercoiling of DNA by 13S Condensin The second dimension was run in 0.5× TBE containing 8 μM chloroquine diphosphate salt at 2 V/cm for 13 hr at room temperature. To measure relative rates of DNA supercoiling, pRY107 was extracted from NCTC11168 and 81‐176 grown to mid log phase followed by analysis using chloroquine gel electrophoresis Mar 16, 2009 · Determining whether a plasmid contains positively or negatively supercoiled DNA is possible, thanks to an agarose gel containing an intercalating agent known to positively supercoil DNA, such as chloroquine. DNA supercoiling is a fundamental component of genome packaging and regulation. Synthetic minichromosomes, constructed by reconstituting complexes of core histones with the closed circular plasmid pBR322,weretreated withvarious amounts of DNAgyrase. When the ends of a linear DNA molecule are ligated to produce a covalently closed circle, the two strands become intertwined like the links of a chain, and will remain so unless one of the strands is broken Chloroquine over the counter uk chloroquine sans ordonnance Brennan (University of Pennsylvania Hospital, Dêqên lopinavir and ritonavir tablets chloroquine and dna supercoiling formulation Philadelphia); D! 1) The DNA intercalating agent chloroquine is sometimes added to the electrophoresis gel and buffer to resolve highly negatively supercoiled DNA species. In contrast, chloroquine binding to the unreplicated region unwinds the DNA, causing compensatory (+) supercoiling to be introduced and removing the (−) supercoils in this region. Jan 17, 2020 · The type IIA subfamily of topoisomerases both resolves DNA entanglements and regulates DNA supercoiling through a strand passage mechanism whereby one DNA duplex, the transfer (T) segment, is transported through a double-stranded break in a second DNA, the gate (G) segment (4,7) Jan 14, 2016 · The DNA samples were subjected to 1% agarose gel electrophoresis in the presence of 5 μg/mL of chloroquine. A transition in colony-forming rates and in negative supercoiling occurred between 50 and 100 mM NaCl (lanes 3 and 4) Negative supercoiling of plasmid DNA in Escherichia coli cells can decrease transiently when exposed to heat shock. Abstract. Dorman Binding of chloroquine to DNA - ScienceDirect In order to assess the importance of DNA binding, we have measured the affinity of DNA for chloroquine by equilibrium dialysis using tritiated chloroquine. S.A. As a variation, DNA supercoiling can be analyzed on a two-dimensional (2D) gel, in which DNA samples are first run in the absence of chloroquine and then in a perpendicular direction after. Cited by: 62 Publish Year: 1988 Author: Wu Pg, Song L, Clendenning Jb, Fujimoto Bs, Benight As, Schurr Jm Supercoiling in prokaryotic and eukaryotic DNA: changes in Jul 10, 1987 · Chloroquine, a DNA intercalating drug, unwinds the DNA, decreasing the levels of negative supercoiling. As a result, this enzyme likely carries out the cellular functions normally performed by canonical gyrase and topoisomerase IV, both in front of and behind the replication fork A DNA sequence that undergoes a gradual B to Z transition under increasing negative superhelical tension was used as a sensor of unconstrained negative supercoiling. Nevertheless, it has been proposed that the introduction of positive DNA supercoiling is required for efficient sister-chromatid disjunction by Topoisomerase 2a during mitosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis encodes only a single type II topoisomerase, gyrase. It appears that environ-mentally induced changes in DNAsupercoiling are respon-sible, at least in part, for the oxygen and growth phase regulation of tonB. DNA supercoiling d. DNA supercoiling is essential for bacterial cell survival. Jul 09, 2002 · O failed to stimulate positive DNA supercoiling, however, when T7 RNA polymerase was omitted from the reaction mixture (Fig. Relaxed DNA (Aa/a = 0) and supercoiled DNA topoisomer families were run on 1 % agarose gels, (A) in the presence of electrophoresis buffer only, (B) with the gel and electrophoresis buffer supplemented with 2 pg/ml chloroquine. The (−) SC DNA is relaxed, whereas the (+) SC DNA migrates as a tight band of high mobility Jan 07, 2017 · "DNA supercoiling refers to the over- or under-winding of a DNA strand, and is an expression of the strain on that strand. The effect of cold shock on DNA supercoiling was examined, and analysis by agarose gel electrophoresis in the presence of chloroquine revealed that negative supercoiling of plasmid DNA in cells increased when cells were exposed to cold shock.. This applies to agarose gels run in the absence of any intercalators (e.g. a top7 top2 double mutant. Vol ,269, No. chloroquine and dna supercoiling Addition of 10 µg/ml chloroquine salt solution to both the gel and running buffer allows relaxed circular DNA to migrate further while supercoiled circular DNA is retarded in the gel remaining higher. Cited by: 74 Publish Year: 2011 Author: Andrew D. Cited by: 12 Publish Year: 1986 Author: Che-Kun James Shen, Wei-Shau Hu Using an agarose gel with chloroquine to study the DNA Because chloroquine induces positive supercoiling, at this low concentration, the negatively supercoiled DNA should relax and run more slowly than negatively supercoiled DNA (more chloroquine will.